Κυβέλη - κυβέλη


Deity Description; Aphrodite (Ἀφροδίτη, Aphroditē) Goddess of beauty, love, desire, and pleasure. In Hesiod's Theogony (188–206), she was born from sea ...

Goddess of beauty, love, desire, and pleasure. In Hesiod 's Theogony (188–206), she was born from sea-foam and Uranus's severed genitals; in Homer 's Illiad (–417), she is daughter of Zeus and Dione . She was married to Hephaestus , but bore him no children. She had many lovers, most notably Ares , to whom she bore Harmonia , Phobos , and Deimos . She was also a lover to Adonis and Anchises , to whom she bore Aeneas . She is usually depicted as a naked or semi-nude beautiful woman. Her symbols include myrtle , roses, and the scallop shell. Her sacred animals include doves and sparrows. Her Roman counterpart is Venus . [1]

In Rome, Cybele was known as Magna Mater ("Great Mother"). The Roman state adopted and developed a particular form of her cult after the Sibylline oracle recommended her conscription as a key religious component in Rome's second war against Carthage . Roman mythographers reinvented her as a Trojan goddess, and thus an ancestral goddess of the Roman people by way of the Trojan prince Aeneas . With Rome's eventual hegemony over the Mediterranean world, Romanized forms of Cybele's cults spread throughout the Roman Empire. The meaning and morality of her cults and priesthoods were topics of debate and dispute in Greek and Roman literature, and remain so in modern scholarship.


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